Nottingham Lidice Week – A Belated Festival – 1945

Nottingham’s Lidice Week was opened on September 30, 1945. It reflected a festival originally planned in 1943 and followed a format that proved successful in other cities. Many Czech dignitaries, members of the Lidice Shall Live committee, and local elected representatives attended the launch. Interestingly, with the threat of Nazi tyranny extinguished, there were no international dignitaries acting on behalf of the British Government or the Soviet Union present, nor were there any delegates from the miners’ union in attendance. According to the Nottingham Press, the guests included:

Dr J. Cisar, Plenipotentiary and Counsellor to the Czecho-Slovak Embassy (who was deputising for the Czecho-Slovak Ambassador, Dr Lobkowicz); Gen. J. Boby (head of the Czecho-Slovak Mission to Great Britain) and his aide-de-camp Lt. Hohnberg; Col. J. Kalla, O.B.E. (the Czecho-Slovak Military and Air Attaché to Great Britain); Frank Hampl (General Secretary of Czecho-Slovak H.Q.); Dr Fischl (Press Attaché), Mr Julius Guttman (Prague National Opera House); Mr K. Kirschnek; and Dr B. Stross, M.P (National President of the Lidice Appeal); The Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress; Sheriff of Nottingham (Dr W. B. Blandy) and Mrs Blandy; the Town Clerk (Mr J. E. Richards); Ald. R. Shaw, J.P.; and Colonel Bourner (Chairman of the Nottingham Lidice Committee).

Nottingham Council House In The City Square During The 1940S, Where The Plans For Nottingham's Lidice Events Originally Hatched.
Nottingham Council House, c1940s

The day’s proceedings opened with a luncheon at the Council House, given by the Lord Mayor to meet Dr Cisar. This was followed by a military parade, at which the Lord Mayor took the salute outside the Council House, a service at St Mary’s Church, and a public meeting in the Shire Hall. The Lord Mayor, proposing the toast of “The Lidice Shall Live movement,” expressed the hope that not only Lidice but also the whole of Czechoslovakia would be restored to its old prosperity.

In and around Nottingham was a mining population whose hearts and affections flowed out to the people of Lidice, whose town was razed by flame and its homes reduced to ashes. He prayed to God that in the days to come, Lidice would rise again in greater glory.

Dr Cisar explained that if Lidice had been destroyed by a tornado, an earthquake, or some such cataclysm of nature, he would have had some hesitation in accepting Nottingham’s help, for it was not good for one’s pride to feel that one’s country or one’s hometown had become an object of charity. But Lidice was one of many dozens, if not hundreds, of villages in occupied Europe that were violated.

“… according to plan by deliberate acts of cruelty, its men executed on the spot, its women dragged away to Germany, the elderly to serve in labour camps and the younger to serve the lust of Nazi sub-humans, and children dragged away to German institutions to be made typical Führer-adoring sub-humans. Lidice had become not only the memorial of the great sacrifice of peace-loving and freedom-loving people in the struggles of freedom against darkness and slavery, but it had become the one great symbol of the universal solidarity of all men of goodwill without which, and without the ultimate victory of which, this war would have been fought in vain.”

The subsequent church parade service at St. Mary’s was conducted by a Free Church minister, the Rev. R. K. Ross, with Dr Cisar reading the lesson and Mr Julius Guttman singing two anthems by Czech composers. The Rev. Canon R. H. Hawkins, Vicar of St. Mary’s, in his sermon, described the visit to St. Mary’s of the Plenipotentiary of Czechoslovakia as a unique occasion in the history of St. Mary’s Church. On behalf of the churchwardens and people of St. Mary’s, Canon Hawkins offered a hearty welcome to Dr Cisar and his companions.

After expressing his pleasure at the fact that in Britain the Government of Czechoslovakia had found a home and the nationals of his country a haven, while the Czechoslovak and British troops served together, side by side, he dealt in detail with the fate of the inhabitants of Lidice on the 10th of June 1942 and observed:

“It was difficult to find words to express the horror we felt in the presence of such a foul act. On that very day when the exponents of the Nazi creed appeared to be and felt themselves to be so completely triumphant, they actually brought about their own defeat through the death, sufferings, and tears of the gallant people of Lidice. If this was so, those gallant men had not died in vain, or their womenfolk suffered in vain.”

The service concluded with the singing of the Czechoslovak and British national anthems, and a collection was taken for the building of a village church at Lidice. Later, at a meeting at the Shire Hall, the Lord Mayor read letters from Mr Will Lawther, President of the National Union of Mineworkers, and Mr F. G. James, on behalf of the Nottingham Trades Council, together with communications from Mr G. DeFreitas, MP for Central Nottingham, and Mr James Harrison, MP for East Nottingham; all parties urged support for the rebuilding of Lidice. In response, Dr Cisar said:

“Lidice, by its destruction, became a symbol; it belonged not only to Czechoslovakia but to all nations. It should become for us a memento and a pledge never to allow the conditions to arise that would make an occurrence of this type possible again.”

The closing week of Nottingham’s Lidice appeal saw several other fairs, events, and activities take place, including a lunch-hour concert at Boots Factory, Beeston, on the 3rd of October, a cinema show at the Futurist Cinema, Basford, on Sunday the 7th of October, and a dance at the Victoria Ballroom in aid of the fund on Friday the 12th.

On Saturday, the 7th of December 1946, in a final report, the Nottingham Lidice Shall Live board wrote:

Colonel David Bourner, Chairman Of The Nottingham Lidice Shall Live Committee
Colonel David Bourner, Chairman of the Nottingham Lidice Shall Live Committee

“This country has raised £100,000, especially for the Miners’ Welfare Institute, wherein research will be carried out on miners’ diseases, and today the Lord Mayor handed over a cheque for £1,542 13s 9d to Dr Barnett Stross, MP for Hanley and Chairman of the “Lidice Shall Live” committee. The Chairman of the Nottingham committee was Col. D. Bourner, and Treasurer, Mr E. W. Smith.”

For more information about Colonel Bourner and the Nottingham Lidice Shall Live committee between 1943 and 1946, read The Path to Lidice, the definitive account of the Lidice Shall Live campaign and its legacy.
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