Czech President-in-exile, Dr Edvard Beneš Vows Justice for Lidice – 1942

President Beneš had acknowledged the likelihood of reprisals when discussing the pros and cons of Anthropoid with Colonel Moravec the previous autumn and must have expected some backlash following the death of Heydrich. Nevertheless, even he seemed genuinely shocked at the savagery of the Nazi response.

The Murder of the Village of Lidice – 10th June 1942 –

The fateful incursion came on the night of the 9th of June. It was on the initiative of SS-Standartenführer Horst Böhme, who telephoned Hitler in Berlin on the day of Heydrich’s funeral to present the evidence against the village and recommend retaliation.

Lidice – Deadly Combination of Naivety and Over-Zealousness – June 1942

An ill-conceived love letter was about to be handed to the secret police, which would have devastating consequences for the people of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. It would give Karl Frank the excuse he needed to create a narrative, however bogus, to link the Bohemian village of Lidice with the murder of Heydrich.

Assassination of Reinhard Heydrich – Operation Anthropoid – 1941-1942

By late 1941, the decision had been made to assassinate Heydrich, even though it was obvious that the German reaction would be brutal. The two volunteers required to do the job were selected from the Free Czech Forces training in Scotland. The men had formed a close friendship and they volunteered together.